: English A Call From Allah To All Humanity

12-15-2015, 04:14 PM
A Call From Allah To All Humanity:

I{(21.O mankind! Worship your Lord (Allah), Who created you and those who were before you so that you may acquire Taqwa(1).) (22. Who has made the earth a resting place for you, and the sky as a canopy, and sent down water (rain) from the sky and brought forth therewith fruits as a provision for you. Then do not set up rivals unto Allah (in worship) while you know (that He alone has the right to be worshipped).}I



Explanation of the verses(tafseer):I

Allah next mentioned His Oneness in divinity and stated that He has favored His servants by bringing them to life after they did not exist. He also surrounded them with blessings, both hidden and apparent. He made the earth a resting place for them, just like the bed, stable with the firm mountains.I


I{And the sky as a canopy} meaning, `a ceiling'. Similarly, Allah said in another Ayah, {And We have made the heaven a roof, safe and well-guarded. Yet they turn away from its signs (i.e. sun, moon, winds, clouds)} (21:32). I


I{And sends down for you water (rain) from the sky} meaning, through the clouds, when they need the rain. Hence, Allah caused the various types of vegetation and fruits to grow as a means of sustenance for people and their cattle. Allah reiterated this bounty in various parts of the Qur'an.I

There is another Ayah that is similar to this Ayah (2:22), that is, Allah's statement,I

(It is He Who has made for you the earth as a dwelling place and the sky as a canopy, and has given you shape and made your shapes good (looking) and has provided you with good things. That is Allah, your Lord, so Blessed be Allah, the Lord of all that exists) (40:64).I

The meaning that is reiterated here is that Allah is the Creator, the Sustainer, the Owner and Provider of this life, all that is in and on it. Hence, He alone deserves to be worshipped, and no one and nothing is to be associated with Him. This is why Allah said next,I


I{Then do not set up rivals unto Allah (in worship) while you know (that He alone has the right to be worshipped)} (2:22).I
The Two Sahihs record that Ibn Mas`ud said, "I said to the Messenger of Allah , `Which evil deed is the worst with Allah' He said,(To take an equal with Allah, while He alone created you.)''I

[Tafseer Ibn Katheer]


I(1)Taqwais an Arabic word which is explained as a shield against wrongdoing and further expounded as to be conscious of Allah or to have fear of Allah or to be cautiously aware of Allah.I

The origin of the word Taqwa is from the Arabic root letters wa ka ya (meaning shield) and its verb is from the word Ittaki. Ittaki means to be careful or to be protected or to be cautious. Taqwa is an internal compass on the path that leads towards Allah. The broader meaning and character of Taqwa is to develop ones behavior, so as to be cautiously aware in the worship of Allah and attain nearness to Him and in so doing, perfect oneself.I